Κυριακή, 25 Σεπτεμβρίου 2016
Σάββατο, 31 Μαΐου 2014
Σάββατο, 8 Σεπτεμβρίου 2012
CANGREJAL, Costa Rica – A powerful magnitude-7.6 earthquake shook Costa Rica and neighboring countries Wednesday, sending panicked people into the streets and briefly triggering a tsunami alert, but causing little damage. Authorities reported one confirmed death.
"When we felt the earthquake, we held onto each other because we kept falling," said Rosa Pichardo, 45, who was walking on the beach in the town of Samara with her family when the quake hit.
"I've never felt anything like this. We just couldn't stay standing. My feet gave out under me. It was terrible, terrible," she said.
Officials said the quake collapsed some houses and at least one bridge and caused landslides that blocked highways. But Costa Rica President Laura Chinchilla said there were no reports of major damage and called for calm.
Residents described being shocked by the force of the quake, which was felt as far away as Panama and Nicaragua and was the biggest since a 7.6-magnitude quake in 1991 left 47 people dead.
Michelle Landwer, owner of the Belvedere Hotel in Samara, north of the epicenter, said she was having breakfast with about 10 people when the quake hit.
"The whole building was moving, I couldn't even walk," Landwer said. "Everything was falling, like glasses and everything." Still, she added, "Here in my building there was no real damage."
The quake was somewhat deep — 25 miles below the surface. Quakes that occur deeper underground tend to be less damaging, but more widely felt.
In the town of Hojancha, a few miles from the epicenter, city official Kenia Campos said the quake knocked down some houses and landslides blocked several roads.
"So far, we don't have victims," she said. "People were really scared … We have had moderate quakes but an earthquake (this strong) hadn't happened in … years."
In the coastal town of Nosara, roughly 20 miles southwest of the epicenter, trees shook violently and light posts swayed. Roads cracked and power lines fell.
In the last four decades, the region has been rocked by 30 earthquakes of magnitude-6 and larger. Two exceeded magnitude-7 — in 1978 and 1990 — but did not cause any deaths.
The last deadly quake to strike Costa Rica was in 2009, when 40 people died in a magnitude-6.1 temblor.
"If it was a shallower event, it would be a significantly higher hazard," said seismologist Daniel McNamara of the U.S. Geological Survey.
The U.S. Geological Survey said the quake was centered about 38 miles from the town of Liberia and 87 miles west of the capital, San Jose. The magnitude initially was estimated at 7.9, but was quickly downgraded to 7.6.
The area is a seismically active zone where the Cocos tectonic plate dives beneath the Caribbean plate. "All along the Pacific coast of Central America, you can expect fairly big earthquakes," McNamara said.
The quake was followed by three strong aftershocks of magnitudes 4.6, 4.5 and 4.4.
The Guanacaste region around the epicenter is a popular tourist destination known for its pristine beaches and nature and marine reserves. Costa Rica is also a popular destination for American retirees, tens of thousands of whom have settled there.
Officials initially warned of a possible tsunami, and Samara local police supervisor Jose Angel Gomez said about 5,000 people — 80 percent of the town's population — had been evacuated from coastal towns in and near the quake's epicenter. By midday they were allowed to return.
In San Jose, frightened residents ran into the streets, and cell phone and Internet service failed across the city. Some neighborhoods lost electricity.
At the hospitals of Nicoya and Liberia, in Guanacaste, hundreds of people packed emergency rooms asking to be treated for shock and minor injuries.
One death was confirmed, a man who died of a heart attack caused by fright, said Carlos Miranda, a Red Cross worker in the city of Liberia.
Douglas Salgado, a geographer with Costa Rica's National Commission of Risk Prevention and Emergency Attention, said a landslide hit the main highway that connects the capital to the Pacific coast city of Puntarenas, and hotels and other structures had cracked walls and items knocked from shelves.
Copyright 2012 The Associated Press. All rights reserved. This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten or redistributed.
Παρασκευή, 31 Αυγούστου 2012
Σε προηγούμενο θέμα που αναρτήσαμε με τίτλο "Γουατεμάλα: Από το ρωμαιοκαθολικισμό και το “χαρισματικό κίνημα” στην Ορθόδοξη Εκκλησία! Theexplosive growth of Orthodoxy in Guatemala!", βλέπουμε την εξής απαράδεκτη για την Ορθόδοξη Πίστη εικόνα. Ο Ιερεύς να ρίχνει με μια λεκάνη το αγιασμένο ύδωρ στο κεφάλι του νηπίου, και ο βοηθός να κρατά κάτω από το νήπιο μιά άλλη λεκάνη περισυλλογής των υδάτων.
Ρωτούμε λοιπόν, αυτό θεωρείται Ορθόδοξη Βάπτιση; Αποτελεί τριπλή κατάδυση και ανάδυση στην κολυμβήθρα; Δεν νομίζουμε!!! Περισσότερο ομοιάζει με μίμηση της πράξεως της παπικής θρησκευτικής συναγωγής.Ζητούμε μια υπεύθυνη διευκρίνηση από τον Σεβ. Μητροπολίτη Μεξικού κ. Αθηναγόρα.
Πέμπτη, 30 Αυγούστου 2012
Γουατεμάλα : Από το ρωμαιοκαθολικισμό και το “χαρισματικό κίνημα” στην Ορθόδοξη Εκκλησία ! The explosive growth of Orthodoxy in Guatemala and Southern Mexico.
Στη Γουατεμάλα και στο Νότιο Μεξικό επιτελείται ένα θαύμα του Αγίου Πνεύματος. Με τη χάρη του Θεού δεκάδες χιλιάδες κάτοικοι της Γουατεμάλας και του Νότιου Μεξικού, προερχόμενοι από μια ομάδα που έφυγε από το ρωμαιοκαθολισμό, πέρασε από το “χαρισματικό κίνημα” και έφτασε στην Ορθόδοξη Εκκλησία, βαπτίζονται και λαμβάνουν το Άγιο Χρίσμα, καθιστώντας τη Γουατεμάλα ως τη χώρα εκείνη του Δυτικού κόσμου με το μεγαλύτερο ποσοστό Ορθοδόξων Χριστιανών σε σχέση με τον πληθυσμό της! Δεν έχουν σημασία οι αριθμοί, αν είναι 100.000 ή 200.000 ή και μισό εκατομμύριο άνθρωποι- ψυχές. Σημασία έχει η μαρτυρία της Ορθόδοξης Εκκλησίας στη Κεντρική και Νότια Αμερική, όπου υπάρχουν δεκάδες “εκκλησίες” είτε “ορθόδοξες” σχισματικές ή αποκομμένες από τον ρωμαιοκαθολικισμό με δεκάδες χιλιάδες πιστούς που πρέπει να βρουν το δρόμο προς την Ορθόδοξη Εκκλησία, όποτε ο Θεός το ευλογήσει.Να προσευχόμαστε, αδελφοί μου, ώστε όλες αυτές οι χριστιανικές ομάδες να βρουν το δρόμο προς την Ορθόδοξη Εκκλησία και να λάβουν κανονική χειροτονία και να έχουν έγκυρα Μυστήρια. Τώρα , υπολογίζεται, ότι η Ορθόδοξη Εκκλησία της Γουατεμάλας , που ανήκει στη Μητρόπολη Μεξικού, έχει περίπου 300 ενορίες, των οποίων τα μέλη συστηματικά κατηχούνται στην Ορθόδοξη πίστη από Ορθόδοξους ιερείς και ιεροσπουδαστές. Στα αγγλικά θα παρακαλουθήσετε το άρθρο, σχετικά με την ιεραποστολική περιοδεία του Μητροπολίτη Μεξικού στη Γουατεμάλα.
Whenever someone speaks of “American Orthodoxy,” there is usually an unspoken understanding that the term refers to North American Orthodoxy: the United States, Canada, and sometimes Mexico. This way of speaking is indeed convenient, considering that the majority of Orthodox parishes in the Western Hemisphere are still located in North America. However, in the past few years a great change has occurred in Latin America that makes it increasingly inaccurate to focus on North America as the western outpost of Orthodoxy. Just two years ago, in 2010, the Orthodox Church received a large group of Guatemalan converts numbering in the hundreds of thousands. Now Guatemala, and possibly all of Latin America, holds tremendous promise of becoming fertile ground for the Orthodox Christian Church.
The seed of Orthodoxy in Guatemala was planted by the nuns of the Hogar Rafael Ayau, an Orthodox orphanage in Guatemala City. Many people are familiar with the incredible work of Mother Inés, Mother Ivonne, and Mother María.
In fact, just this year a group of seminarians from St. Vladimir’s Seminary traveled with the seminary Chancellor/CEO Archpriest Chad Hatfield to see the work of the nuns and to assist at the orphanage. It is through these nuns that the Guatemalan soil was first prepared for the Orthodox Church.
Now, with the recent chrismation of a new group of Guatemalan converts that numbers between 100,000 and 200,000, the Orthodox Church is ready to blossom in Guatemala. The magnitude of the event cannot be overstated. Almost overnight, Guatemala has become the most Orthodox country in the Western Hemisphere (by percentage of national population).
Furthermore, the Orthodox communities in Guatemala continue to grow rapidly and attract attention throughout Guatemala. There is still, however, little information available to the broader Orthodox world on the history and character of these new communities. For this reason, I traveled to Guatemala this summer, spending two months visiting many of the Orthodox parishes, meeting the leaders of the communities, and accompanying the bishop of the Guatemalan Church—His Eminence, Metropolitan Athenagoras—as he made his historic first visit to the new parishes in Guatemala. I returned to the United States with the desire to share what I saw and the conviction that the Holy Spirit is at work with power in Latin America…
The new Orthodox communities are in touch with the nuns of the Hogar, but they are an independent movement with a unique history. These communities are mostly made up of native Mayans and have roots in the Roman Catholic Church. They first began in the 1970s and 1980s as a Roman Catholic renewal movement called the “Charismatic Renewal in the Holy Spirit.” For various reasons, including the movement’s charismatic prayer practices and emphasis on music in church services, the parishes of the Charismatic Renewal became estranged from the Roman Catholic Church. Many communities went decades without sacraments until, in the 1990s, a former Roman Catholic priest named Fr. Andrés Girón took the movement under his wing. A very prominent figure in Guatemala, Fr. Andrés had served in the Guatemalan senate, acted as an ambassador to the United Nations, and led a large movement for land reform among the rural poor of Guatemala. These activities were part of what caused Fr. Andrés to come into tension with the Roman Catholic Church, eventually leaving the Church before taking leadership of the parishes of the Charismatic Renewal.It was through Fr. Andrés that the communities of the Charismatic Renewal began to move towards the Orthodox Church. Fr. Andrés first joined a non-canonical Orthodox group called the Society of Secular Clerics, and he was soon ordained a bishop in this group. However, as he became more familiar with broader Orthodox Christianity, Fr. Andrés sought out the canonical Orthodox Church. A number of priests from other countries came to evaluate the situation in Guatemala, and then in April of 2010, Fr. Andrés was received into the canonical Orthodox Church under the Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople.After Fr. Andrés entered the Orthodox Church, then began the process of ordaining priests, chrismating the faithful, and educating the hundreds of thousands of new Orthodox. Over the last two years, a total of eight priests who were originally ordained non-canoncially have now been ordained as priests in the Orthodox Church. One of those priests spent a year in Greece to learn about Orthodoxy and become an iconographer, and there are plans for other priests to spend time abroad growing in Orthodoxy. The priests have begun to train a large team of catechists to go into all the villages to teach the people about Orthodoxy. In addition, a missionary priest from Pennsylvania, Fr. John Chakos, has begun working in Guatemala to assist the Guatemalan leaders and teach the faithful.http://www.flickr.com//photos/52971157@N03/sets/72157630778608662/show/
While the eight priests of the Guatemalan Orthodox Church are familiar with Orthodox theology and history, the majority of the Orthodox faithful still have much to learn and need time to grow. Many parishes lack basic iconography and essential liturgical supplies, and the communities are still relatively unfamiliar with the Divine Liturgy and other Orthodox services. Nevertheless, the communities have the seed of powerful faith: parishes are always packed on Sundays, sometimes with close to a thousand people; lay leaders are well-versed in Scripture and deliver convicting sermons to the congregations; and many communities center all of their activities around the Church, with some villages faithfully tithing ten percent of their crops and money. The Guatemalan Orthodox are indeed still newborns in the Church, but they are already growing in the Orthodox Church and have reacted well to the changes that are being made to bring them closer to the fulness of the faith. These “little ones” of Guatemala, the newborn Mayan Orthodox, will not be turned away by the Lord.
As we continue to discuss the future of “American Orthodoxy,” we must not forget that the providence of God often guides the Church in unexpected ways, and His providence is now calling our attention to Latin America. When, in 1867, St. Innocent reflected on the sale of Alaska to the United States, he said, “I see in this event one of the ways of Providence whereby Orthodoxy will penetrate the United States.” These words are often recalled in discussions of American Orthodoxy, along with the stories of the rapid conversion of native Alaskans to the Orthodox Church. Now, in our lifetime, as many as 200,000 native Guatemalans have turned to the Orthodox Church—is this not the continuation of God’s Providence in the Western Hemisphere? The Holy Spirit has opened a door for the faith to penetrate Latin America through Guatemala, and this event calls us to recognize and believe inthe tremendous potential for the Orthodox Church to flourish in this hemisphere. We are called to stand with the Orthodox Christians of Guatemala: through prayer, through donations of liturgical supplies and monetary support, and through missionaries and teachers who will go to Guatemala to help the people learn and grow.
Finally, we are called to once again be inspired by the richness of “American Orthodoxy.” From the small wooden churches of Alaska to the large food festivals of Pittsburgh and Chicago, from the Orthodox parishes that dot South America to the Mayan communities that live under the volcanoes of Guatemala—the beauty of God’s Church is alive and growing in the Western Hemisphere. Let us embrace the work of God’s Providence, supporting the Guatemalan Orthodox Church and tending to the faith throughout all the Americas, so that the seed of American Orthodoxy will grow and blossom.
Φωτογραφίες από διάφορες ενορίες στη Γουατεμάλα και το Νότιο Μεξικό. Photos from orthodox christian parishes in Guatemala and Mexico.
For more information on the Guatemalan Orthodox Church and my summer travels to the Guatemalan communities, see my blog, which has articles and pictures that give a fuller understanding of Guatemalan Orthodoxy. If you would like to know how you can support the Guatemalan Orthodox Church, please contact Fr. John Chakos, the missionary priest who is serving in Guatemala under the Orthodox Christian Mission Center (OCMC). You can also find articles by Fr. John Chakos about the Guatemalan communities on the blog of Pres. Alexandra Chakos.
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